Space probes are unmanned spacecraft designed to explore outer space, other planets, moons, and celestial bodies.

There are various types of space probes, including flyby, orbiter, lander, and rover

Probes carry various instruments such as cameras, spectrometers, magnetometers, and seismometers to collect data about a target's atmosphere, surface, composition, magnetic fields, and more

Space probes have explored planets like Mars (e.g., Mars rovers Spirit, Opportunity, Curiosity, Perseverance), Jupiter (e.g., Galileo), Saturn (e.g., Cassini), and Pluto (e.g., New Horizons).

Probes transmit data back to Earth using radio signals. These signals can take minutes or even hours to reach us due to vast distances

Space probes face challenges like extreme temperatures, radiation, vacuum, and limited power supply. Engineers must design them to withstand these conditions

Rovers, like NASA's Mars rovers, are remotely operated from Earth. They receive commands, perform tasks, and send data back to scientists

Space probes have made groundbreaking discoveries, such as evidence of water on Mars, the intricate rings of Saturn, the geysers on Enceladus, and the diverse landscape on Pluto

Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 are interstellar probes that have exited the solar system. They continue to send data and are humanity's most distant emissaries

Future space probes are planned to explore the icy moon Europa (Jupiter's moon), Titan (Saturn's moon), and other distant objects in the Kuiper Belt